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The Beach Boys. Opera houses, churches, and aristocratic courts all demanded music. In the teaching area he participated as an instructor in the first meeting of marching percussion in Puebla during November ofgave the conference "percussion instruments and Various Percussion Showcase of brain activity" for TELMEX foundation and participated in two educational projects, working as a teacher of percussion and corporal expression at "With the same heart, non-profit organization" for people with intellectual and Various Percussion Showcase disabilities. With the arrival of the Renaissance, musicians began composing music and expressing their emotions in words. It was composed for a thirteen member chamber orchestra.

Castration of male singers before puberty resulted in a higher vocal range as compared to that of male singers who weren't castrated. They had strong lungs, unique voice textures, and the flexibility of women vocalists. Castrati were the highest paid musicians during the Baroque period. Claudio Monteverdi. Monteverdi wrote a number of motets, madrigals, masses, and operas many of which are lost now. Most of his creations were for vocal rendition, supported by basso continuo and other instruments.

His use of melody, bass lines, and harmonic support characterized his style. His first opera, Orfeo or Orpheus, is regarded as a cornerstone in the history of opera. It established opera as a serious form of musical and dramatic creation. These productions had a strong influence on operatic music. In , he became the choirmaster and conductor at Saint Mark's Cathedral in Venice.

Monteverdi breathed his last on November 29, Henry Purcell. Considered as one of the greatest British composers of all time, his work marked a new era in English music. Purcell worked on all forms of music, such as church, concert room, and chamber music as well as the theater during the English Restoration period. His works were expressive and dramatic and had flexible word settings combined with powerful English counterpoints.

Much of his music used multiple textures and dissonances along with a signature ground bass. Dido and Aeneas is his only true opera, but many of his other compositions are considered semi-operas. He died young, at the age of 37 in November Arcangelo Corelli. Born in , Arcangelo Corelli is one of the stalwarts of the Baroque period. He was a respected musician a violinist par excellence , a composer, and an excellent teacher who had a marked influence on later generations.

Many consider him the first great violinist of the world and the founder of modern violin technique. He wrote approximately sixty sonatas and twelve concertos, and he popularized the concerto grosso.

Most of these compositions were for string instruments. La Folia and the Suite for Strings are some of his most popular works. Some of his students include Geminiani and Antonio Vivaldi. The works of later Baroque composers also displayed the influence of his style and form of music. He died in January Antonio Vivaldi. Born in , Antonio Vivaldi is one of the most acclaimed composers of the Baroque period.

He was a violin player, teacher, composer, and conductor. Vivaldi's music was innovative and used rhythmic and formal concerto structures. The exuberant and flamboyant compositions used harmonic contrasts and experimented with themes and melodies.

He composed around concertos and about 46 operas. His music greatly influenced Johann Sebastian Bach and other composers. He died in after a highly creative and successful life. Johann Sebastian Bach. Johann Sebastian Bach was born in He was a composer and musician during the Baroque period, but is widely considered as one of the greatest composers of all times.

He used various types of rhythms, textures, and forms as well as their adaptations to produce some of his finest works. He also used harmony, melody, counterpoint, and other musical organizations to produce extremely artistic music. His compositions are technically robust and have artistic beauty and intellectual depth. He composed almost every form of Baroque music except the opera.

His works include more than three hundred cantatas and other religious music, though his most notable form of music was the fugue. He also wrote four suites for orchestras. The second movement Air of his Suite No. He died on July 28, George Friedrich Handel. Handel was a German composer who became a naturalized British citizen in Considered a master of operas, he composed more than fifty operas in his lifetime.

He stopped composing operas for unknown reasons and began creating oratorios and other forms of sacred music. Handel also created instrumental pieces, such as Concerti Grossi, Op. His most celebrated work is his oratorio Messiah.

Handel's compositions were vivid, full of vigor, and had the grandeur of the Baroque period. They were loved for their perfect blend of English and Italian musical qualities like charm and clarity. His music influenced numerous composers and laid the foundation for later composers such as Mozart, Beethoven, and others. He died in The Classical Period. Known as the Age of Enlightenment, this period witnessed a revival of old forms of music and the emergence of new ones.

The sonata was one of the most popular forms of music. In theme and variations, the theme repeats several times with variations in treatment for each repetition.

Consists of a single movement with four main sections: the exposition, the development, the recapitulation, and the coda. The beauty of the sonata is the drama and melody it creates using this variation of themes.

The appeal is in the movement that travels from stability to conflict in the exposition, to heightened tension in the development, and then to resolution of conflict and stability in the recapitulation and coda. The sonata allows numerous variations and thus offers flexibility in composition.

Renowned composers of the Classical period like Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven used the sonata extensively, and each maintained an individual style. The versatility of the sonata has led to its continued use up through the modern era. A prime characteristic of an exposition is that it builds a strong conflict between a new key and a tonic key, and between the first group of themes and the second group of themes.

The exposition begins with the first theme in the tonic or home key. A transition or bridge leads to the second theme. This second theme is in a new key. The transition from the home key to the new key creates a change in mood and, at the same time, creates harmonic tension with forward motion. The closing of the exposition occurs in the second theme's key. This closing has a repeat sign in the score sheet. Musicians thus have to play the exposition one more time. Development is the name given to this section because new themes are developed here.

It starts in the same keys that ended the exposition. The dramatic effect created by an intensified harmonic tension identifies the development section. In the development section, themes are broken into short musical ideas called motives. Composers can weave different texture of themes in a composition with motives. For example, a composer can change the melody or rhythm to create aggressive sound in a comic theme, or produce a complex polyphonic texture by using different instruments to shift a motive rapidly.

As the name indicates, the recapitulation of a sonata repeats or summarizes the exposition. The first theme, second theme, bridge, and concluding section of the exposition use the tonic key in the recapitulation.

The chief difference between the exposition and the recapitulation is that the second section of the exposition becomes the main key of the recapitulation. A composer can also choose to change the texture and remove or develop new sections in the recapitulation.

Composers can give a further powerful effect to the conclusion of a sonata form with the coda, which ends in the tonic key. Codas repeat themes or develop new ones. A composer can choose to create a brief coda or an elaborate one, depending on creativity and choice of composition. Beethoven's Symphony No. Theme and variations. Here, a theme repeats several times with variations to the melody and harmony in each repetition.

Despite the variations, there is an unmistakable relation between each repetition and the original theme. Each variation can have a change of rhythm, melody, tone color, dynamics, accompaniment, or harmony. On applying such changes, each variation may differ in mood from the theme. Therefore, the variations become uniquely individual, but often have the same length as the theme.

Introducing theme and variations could be as simple as adding a few notes to a melody or changing the theme's time signature. Composers can determine the duration of theme and variations from a few seconds to several minutes and the number of variations to add to the main theme.

When a new melody accompanies the original melody, the new melody becomes a countermelody. The dancing involved small steps, curtsies, and bows, which made the dance a dignified and graceful one.

Throughout the eighteenth century, aristocrats danced the minuet. Eventually, the musical form that accompanied the dance evolved into the minuet and trio. In a set of two dances, trio was the name given to the second dance. Three instruments generally play a trio. The tempo is generally moderate and the time signature is in triple meter.

The trio usually has woodwind solos and sounds softer than the minuet does. However, composers sometimes use more than three instruments in the B section of minuets. ABA form of movement. A section of the minuet has smaller parts a, b, and a variation of a as a'. The smaller parts are repeated in the opening A section minuet : a repeated ba' repeated. Similarly, smaller parts repeat in the B section trio : c repeated dc' repeated. A repeat sign in the score sheet indicates the repetition.

The entire A section repeats at the close of the B section. The words da capo indicate this in the musical score. Da capo simply marks the beginning. Here, the minuet is played without repetitions: a ba'. It follows the A-B-A form and triple meter. However, it moves quickly and generates energy and rhythm, which creates rough humor.

The intention is to portray humor in music; in fact, the word scherzo is an Italian word that means joke. Most of Beethoven's compositions have a scherzo as the third movement.

Mozart's Eine kleine Nachtmusik is an example of a serenade. The combination of a loud, staccato section with a minuet that sounds soft and intimate creates this beautiful serenade. As a musical form, the rondo has a main theme A with a pleasing and lively sound, which returns many times in alteration with other themes. The main theme of a rondo is often in a tonic key.

Musicians can use the rondo as an independent piece or as a single movement in a sonata, string quartet, or symphony. Finales may also use a rondo because of the lively musical feeling it brings in conclusion. The Classical Symphony. A symphony is long in length, lasting from twenty to forty-five minutes while playing with the dynamics and tone color of an orchestra. Naturally, it creates a variety of emotions and mood. A classical symphony has four movements that follow a sequence: first, a vigorous movement; second, a lyrical slow movement; third, a dancelike movement such as that of a minuet or scherzo; and fourth, a brilliant, fast movement.

The first movement contributes a dramatic effect to the symphony, consisting of a development of short motives. Melodies appear in the second movement, as either a sonata or a theme and variations. The third movement generally has a moderate or quick tempo, preferably that of a minuet and trio. Haydn and Mozart used the third movement in this manner, while Beethoven preferred energetic scherzos in the third movement.

Finally, the fourth movement acts as the climax of the entire symphony and is fast with a lighter mood than that of the first movement. It is generally a sonata or sonata-rondo. During the Classical period, musicians played symphonies for palace concerts and concert halls. The movements of a classical symphony complement each other with a variety of emotions that finally appear to balance the music.

The Classical Concerto. A concerto consists of a soloist and an orchestra, where the soloist is a star performer playing with a wide variety of dynamics over the tone color of the orchestra. The challenging exchanges of musical dialogue between the soloist and the orchestra enthrall the audience. The musical arrangement is such that at any one moment, the orchestra accompanies the soloist by playing a melody, and at another, the soloist may play arpeggios broken chords along with the woodwinds playing the main theme of the musical composition.

Solo instruments used in concertos include the piano, horn, cello, violin, bassoon, clarinet, and trumpet. Beethoven and Mozart usually preferred the piano as the solo instrument. Listen to this concerto to understand the amazing way a soloist and an orchestra can converse with music. In contrast to a classical symphony's four movements, a classical concerto has three movements: the first is fast, the second is slow, and the third is fast again.

In addition, the concerto does not have a minuet or scherzo. The duration of a concerto is usually from twenty to forty-five minutes. A classical concerto starts with a sonata that contains two expositions. The orchestra plays the first exposition. Then, after suspense builds, the soloist plays the second exposition. The soloist is often the composer of a classical concerto.

When the first or last movement has a special musical piece, the unaccompanied piece is a cadenza. In the score sheet, a pause sign called a fermata indicates the entry of the cadenza. Thus, while playing the music at the end of the first or last movement, the orchestra suspends forward motion with a brief dissonant chord.

Then the soloist plays broken chords and powerful scale passages, all without the orchestra. Even the themes have new keys in the cadenza. Finally, when the soloist decides to end the cadenza, he or she plays a long trill and then a chord to allow the smooth re-entry of the orchestra.

During the eighteenth century, soloists generally improvised the cadenzas. Many composers chose to write cadenzas directly in their scores after the eighteenth century. As a musical form, the requiem is a mass for the dead. Mozart composed nine movements of his Requiem in D-minor and half-finished the tenth one on his deathbed.

Classical Chamber Music. The practice during the Classical period was such that aristocrats played chamber music with friends or hired musicians to play it for their guests' entertainment. A small group of musicians plays chamber music—usually from two to nine musicians, with each playing a separate part.

There is no conductor to conduct the piece. Each team member coordinates with the others on dynamics and phrasing to create a subtle and intimate music performance.

The string quartet is the most common form of classical chamber music. It usually has parts for two violins, a viola, and a cello.

These quartets consist of four movements: the first is fast, the second is slow, the third is a minuet or scherzo, and the fourth is fast. Due to the nature of a string quartet, the music often draws comparisons with conversations between lively and intellectual people. Joseph Haydn. From an early age, Haydn showed immense interest in music. However, being from a poor household where his father made wagon wheels, Haydn's only exposure to music was through the folk songs his father sang and peasant dances during festivities.

When his family realized his talent in music, they sent Haydn to a relative for basic music lessons for two years. Later, a grown-up Haydn found it difficult to manage a job and support himself. Fortunately, in , the powerful and rich Eszterhazy family Hungarian nobility appointed Haydn as their official music composer.

Haydn served the noble family for almost thirty years, composing for performances in their palaces. When Haydn's music grew popular in Europe, he left for London in On returning to Vienna as a well-known celebrity in , Haydn composed two oratories: The Creation and The Seasons Haydn was a trailblazer in the world of classical music.

He was one of the three masters of the symphony and is referred to as the "father of the symphony" and the "father of the string quartet. Haydn's symphonies and string quartets are his most important works. His most popular symphonies are Surprise No. Listen to one of Haydn's string quartets. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The talented young Mozart traveled through Europe and England, touring from the age of six to fifteen. So immense was his musical talent that the pope knighted him.

At the age of fifteen, Mozart went back to Salzburg, ruled at the time by a new tyrant prince-archbishop. Mozart could not gain more than a subordinate seat in the court orchestra.

Despite numerous tries, he could not find a suitable position as a music composer, and he spent his adulthood struggling to find jobs. His relationship with his patron prince-archbishop grew sour, and by , he left for Vienna.

Mozart was successful in Vienna for the first few years and wrote popular operas such as The Abduction from the Seraglio , The Marriage of Figaro , and Don Giovanni Later, his success declined because people began criticizing his work as dark with dissonance, which made him grow desolate. However, during his last year, Mozart's new creations revived his popularity. At that time, he wrote the well-known opera The Magic Flute, and he half-finished a requiem.

Mozart died on December 5, due to rheumatic fever. Mozart greatly advanced classical music. His style was similar to that of Haydn, who liked and praised Mozart for his versatility and talent. Mozart composed music with ease, and his music conveyed power and elegance in a pleasant way.

Mike has developed his own curriculum, laying down the foundations for traditional techniques in modern drumming with rudiments, basic beats, and reading drum notation for beginner to advanced students. Read More. Time Traveler for showcase The first known use of showcase was in See more words from the same year. Kids Definition of showcase. Comments on showcase What made you want to look up showcase? Get Word of the Day daily email! Test Your Vocabulary. Love words?

Need even more definitions? A linguistic analysis of a notorious pronunciation On Contractions of Multiple Words You all would not have guessed some of these Literally How to use a word that literally drives some people nuts.

Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice? Theme and Variations Theme and variations is a very common musical structure you will come across, especially in classical music. How are Variations Created? Here are the most common elements of music which are changed: Melody — composers will change the original melody in a number of different ways.

How to Compose Theme and Variations Composing theme and variations is extremely rewarding as a composer as it will push you on to new levels. Related Posts. What do you want to learn?

Search for:. In addition he has had personal percussion sessions with the world famous solo percussionist Dame Evelyn Glennie. Over ten years of karate practice has inspired Heigo to combine the movements of karate with his percussion playing. Chien is a member of the Twincussion percussion duo and the director of Punch Percussion Group.

Chien started learning percussion at a very early age, specializing in all kind of drums. While Chien was obtaining his Bachelor in Taipei University of Art TNUA , he was also a member of the well-known Ju Percussion Group from to , during which Chien developed much of his percussion performing skills and obtained teaching experience.

He performed with Ju Percussion Group in Sacheon international percussion Festival in , and various percussion ensemble concerts in Shanghai, Peking, Shenzhen from to with over concerts in this period. While in school, he got first place of "Guandu Chamber Music Prize.

Chien is a member of the Twincussion percussion duo and co-director of Punch Percussion Group. Chien started learning percussion at a very early age, specializing in marimba.

He is also a member of the well-known Ju Percussion Group from to , during which Chien developed much of his percussion performing skills and obtained teaching experience. He performed with Ju Percussion Group in Sacheon international percussion Festival in , and various percussion ensemble concerts in Shanhai, Peking, Shenzheg from to He also cofounded Twincussion, a percussion duo previously known as Percatwins, attended the International Percussion Competition of Luxembourg representing Taiwan, and also took part in a few international academic exchange programs with the Peking Conservatory in China, Musashino Academia Musicae, and Toho Gakuen School of Music in Tokyo.

He finished his studies with honors degree. He has participated in many concerts and tours as a soloist, chamber music or orchestral player, and he has been a part of many international courses and masterclass with many prestigious percussionists. As of today, he is planing many concerts around the world with his percussion duo, Barcodes.

Now Manuel has the delight to take part in the World Percussion Group. He started to study percussion at the age of 6, in "E. He is now teaching percussion in some music schools: "E. M Josep Rosell" in Sumacarcer, "E. M Bicorp" or "E. M Quesa. He is well versed in a wide range of both western and world music styles.

He has also participated in several excursions to Ghana, West Africa, to study traditional African music and has given numerous lectures and performances in various world music genres.

Since the age of 14 when he became the student of Mr. He was admitted in Shanghai Conservatory of Music with the highest score in the subject exam in , and entered the graduate school of Shanghai Conservatory of Music with the full state sponsorship in In , he was appointed as a Cadeson brand spokesperson.

Born and raised in South Brunswick NJ, he became interested in the drums around age 9. Ryan has always had a love for jazz and has been studying drum set since middle school. Soon enough music became the center of his life. During his time at Rowan, Ryan has had the chance to perform in various ensembles and chamber groups. Ryan hopes to continue his studies and performances as a percussionist so he can one day bring a truly fulfilling education to his future students.

Petersburg, Russia Day off to further explore Russia at your leisure. Jean Geoffroy. Ju Tzong-Ching.



A classical concerto starts with a sonata that contains two expositions. The orchestra plays the first exposition. Then, after suspense builds, the soloist plays the second exposition. The soloist is often the composer of a classical concerto. When the first or last movement has a special musical piece, the unaccompanied piece is a cadenza. In the score sheet, a pause sign called a fermata indicates the entry of the cadenza.

Thus, while playing the music at the end of the first or last movement, the orchestra suspends forward motion with a brief dissonant chord. Then the soloist plays broken chords and powerful scale passages, all without the orchestra. Even the themes have new keys in the cadenza. Finally, when the soloist decides to end the cadenza, he or she plays a long trill and then a chord to allow the smooth re-entry of the orchestra.

During the eighteenth century, soloists generally improvised the cadenzas. Many composers chose to write cadenzas directly in their scores after the eighteenth century. As a musical form, the requiem is a mass for the dead. Mozart composed nine movements of his Requiem in D-minor and half-finished the tenth one on his deathbed. Classical Chamber Music. The practice during the Classical period was such that aristocrats played chamber music with friends or hired musicians to play it for their guests' entertainment.

A small group of musicians plays chamber music—usually from two to nine musicians, with each playing a separate part. There is no conductor to conduct the piece. Each team member coordinates with the others on dynamics and phrasing to create a subtle and intimate music performance. The string quartet is the most common form of classical chamber music.

It usually has parts for two violins, a viola, and a cello. These quartets consist of four movements: the first is fast, the second is slow, the third is a minuet or scherzo, and the fourth is fast. Due to the nature of a string quartet, the music often draws comparisons with conversations between lively and intellectual people.

Joseph Haydn. From an early age, Haydn showed immense interest in music. However, being from a poor household where his father made wagon wheels, Haydn's only exposure to music was through the folk songs his father sang and peasant dances during festivities.

When his family realized his talent in music, they sent Haydn to a relative for basic music lessons for two years. Later, a grown-up Haydn found it difficult to manage a job and support himself. Fortunately, in , the powerful and rich Eszterhazy family Hungarian nobility appointed Haydn as their official music composer.

Haydn served the noble family for almost thirty years, composing for performances in their palaces. When Haydn's music grew popular in Europe, he left for London in On returning to Vienna as a well-known celebrity in , Haydn composed two oratories: The Creation and The Seasons Haydn was a trailblazer in the world of classical music.

He was one of the three masters of the symphony and is referred to as the "father of the symphony" and the "father of the string quartet. Haydn's symphonies and string quartets are his most important works. His most popular symphonies are Surprise No. Listen to one of Haydn's string quartets.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The talented young Mozart traveled through Europe and England, touring from the age of six to fifteen. So immense was his musical talent that the pope knighted him. At the age of fifteen, Mozart went back to Salzburg, ruled at the time by a new tyrant prince-archbishop.

Mozart could not gain more than a subordinate seat in the court orchestra. Despite numerous tries, he could not find a suitable position as a music composer, and he spent his adulthood struggling to find jobs.

His relationship with his patron prince-archbishop grew sour, and by , he left for Vienna. Mozart was successful in Vienna for the first few years and wrote popular operas such as The Abduction from the Seraglio , The Marriage of Figaro , and Don Giovanni Later, his success declined because people began criticizing his work as dark with dissonance, which made him grow desolate. However, during his last year, Mozart's new creations revived his popularity.

At that time, he wrote the well-known opera The Magic Flute, and he half-finished a requiem. Mozart died on December 5, due to rheumatic fever.

Mozart greatly advanced classical music. His style was similar to that of Haydn, who liked and praised Mozart for his versatility and talent. Mozart composed music with ease, and his music conveyed power and elegance in a pleasant way.

Be it for the piano, flute, clarinet, bassoon, oboe, horn, or violin, Mozart produced masterpieces in all musical forms. His work was so spontaneous and quick that he completed his last three symphonies in just six weeks.

During the nineteenth century, Ludwig von Kochel catalogued more than six hundred Mozart compositions. Kochel's classification system for Mozart's work uses a "K" followed by a number to identify different pieces. Ludwig van Beethoven.

His works were some of the greatest contributions to the field of music. Beethoven's grandfather and father were both musicians, and his father persisted in giving him music lessons. From an early age, Beethoven displayed extraordinary musical talent and was considered a child prodigy. At eleven, he became a court organist, and at twelve, he began publishing the first of many piano compositions.

At sixteen, Beethoven worked with Mozart to learn improvisation. He also studied music under Haydn for a short period. By the age of eighteen, Beethoven was the legal guardian of his two younger brothers, and he continued to be a court organist. Beethoven spent many years in Vienna—the initial seven years brought him fame and recognition. By the age of twenty-nine, however, he had begun to lose his hearing.

Although this was a major blow to Beethoven, his passion for music drove him to compose even more works. The resulting compositions were arguably better than were those from before the onset of his deafness. He composed the acclaimed Symphony No. Beethoven produced his best piano sonatas, sixteen string quartets, the Missa Solemnis, and the Ninth Symphony while deaf. Besides overcoming this physical challenge, he was special for breaking the mold of the highly structured form of classical music.

His innovations gave way to new ideas of expression that lasted into the Romantic era. Listen to Beethoven's brilliant music. The Romantic Period. This period of music was associated with compositions that were heavily influenced by songlike melodies. Nationalism and Exoticism were two of the main themes emphasized in these pieces. Compositions in this period were also marked by music with an underlying narrative or story as seen in program music.

Composers also made use of other techniques such as rubato, thematic transformation, dissonant chords, and so on. Different musical forms such as the art song, postlude, song cycle, and strophic and through-composed forms were developed. Modern Classical Period. This period was associated with new ways of organizing and approaching different aspects of music. During the nineteenth century, because of patriotic upheaval, the romantic music composers created "nationalistic" kind of music.

They created music that revolved around their homeland, using folk songs, dances, national legends, and history of their country. These works were based on heroism and patriotism meant to evoke the same feelings among listeners. Chopin was one of the first composers to include elements of nationalism in his works.

Exoticism derived from the word "exotic". Exoticism was a trend where musicians, created music based on far off, foreign lands. Exoticism rose because romantics were attracted to picturesque and remote places. Certain composers wrote melodies in an Asian style, while others such as the French composed Georges Bizet wrote Carmen, an Opera set in Spain.

These works adopted musical themes as well as rhythms, melodies, and instrumentation native to foreign countries. Program Music. Program music had instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene. This kind of music tried to conjure up images or events.

The "program" here was some extra musical meaning, such as the title or the explanatory comment. Major programmatic symphonies include Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony is a narration of a extravagant musical love story that the composer wrote, Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet, where agitated music depicted the families' feud, tender melody conveyed love, and so on.

Program music was around for a long time, but became prominent in the romantic period. Chromatic Harmony. In the romantic period, chromatic harmony was often used. Chromatic harmony uses chords containing tones that are not present in the prevailing major on minor scale.

Such chord tones come from chromatic scale, which has twelve tones rather than from major or minor scales, which has seven tones. Romantic music became more colorful with chromatic chords. Dissonant chords were used much more in the Romantic Period than the Classical Period.

Rubato is the shaping of music used to hold back slightly or to press forward the tempo. It is associated with playing with freedom. Thematic transformation. Thematic transformation is used when the composer wants to alter one movement or section by transforming its character with changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm.

For example, Berlioz's Symphonie where a lyrical melody in the beginning becomes a bizarre dance tune towards the end.

Art Song. Art song is a form of music composed with a solo voice accompanied by the piano. Poetry and music together play an important part in art songs. A desire that came out of lost love influenced romantic poets. Art songs were soulful and were influenced by nature, and other times and places, and so art songs were filled with sadness of one-sided love. These musicians would translate the mood of the poem into music. Postlude is the section towards the end of a musical piece. It is the section at the end of an art song, which sums up its mood, played by the piano or orchestra without the voice.

Strophic form. This is a vocal form used where the music is the same for each stanza of a poem or song. This makes it easier to remember. It is often used in folk songs. Through-composed form. This form uses new music for each stanza to reflect the poem's changing moods. It does not follow a repetitive form. Modified strophic form. This is used when a three-stanza poem has two of the three stanzas set to the same music. The third stanza is of a different form, this gives rise to a partial repetition.

Song cycle. This is a group of art songs unified by a story line or by musical ideas connecting the songs. Musicians created a perfect combination of music and poetry with many different moods. Some great romantic song cycles are Winterreise by Schubert and Dechterliebe by Schumann. The Nocturnes were written by Chopin between and , and are considered to be one of the finest works for solo piano. These works consists of 21 short pieces for solo piano.

One of the most notable features is the use of the right hand to create a song-like melody, this gives the melody a greater emotional depth.

The left hand follows with an arpeggio rhythm. Nocturnes also makes extensive use of the sustain pedal to give the music more emotion. The Nocturnes are marked by a free-flowing rhythm and the use of counterpoint to create tension. Nocturne E Flat Major, Op. It is a slow, lyrical, intimate piece. It starts with a legato melody that repeats thrice with elaborate variations. This work follows a binary form with coda. This piece begins softly and builds to a high register played in octaves.

After the loudest part and a trill passage, the nocturne ends calmly. These pieces marked the start of a new system of technical piano playing. These pieces have garnered popularity owing to their difficulty and strong emotion. It is commonly called Revolutionary and was inspired by the Russian occupation of Warsaw.

This work was composed to develop speed and endurance of the left hand. The piece begins with a dramatic outburst, which leads to high, dissonant chords that build to the main melody which is played in octave by the right hand.

The melody uses dotted rhythm to build tension that culminates in a relaxing coda. It ends in a sweep down the keys that closes with a powerful chord. These works are based around a dance of Polish origin.

Chopin's Polonaise are one of the most well-known. The main theme is rapid and utilizes trills with quick scales and fast arpeggios. It is also characterized by ascending chromatic perfect fourths and chords with wide fingering. The work uses and intermediate form between ternary and rondo. Program symphony. A program symphony is a symphony composed of many movements that follows a narrative like program music.

Each movement is numbered and given a descriptive title to allow the listener to visualize the imagery being portrayed by the music. For example, Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony is made up of five movements with titles such as, Scene in the Country, Dream of a Witches' Sabbath, and so on.

Concert symphony. A concert symphony is a musical work that has one movement usually in sonata form. This type of composition creates an operatic mood but is intended to be an independent composition rather than support a stage act.

It is also called a concert overture, examples include Tchaikovsky's Overture and Mendelssohn's Hebrides Overture. Symphonic poem Tone Poem. Franz Liszt created symphonic poem in the late s and s. A symphonic poem consists of one movement. A symphonic poem could be traditional, such as sonata form, rondo, or theme, or it could also be irregular.

A symphonic poem has flexible form. This is what distinguishes it from concert overture which often has Sonata form. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, symphonic poems were used to express nationalism. Richard Struass was a well-known symphonic poem composer towards the end of the nineteenth century. He wrote many symphonic poems such as Don Juan, Death and Transfiguration and so on.

Incidental music. This music is supposed to be performed before and during a play, setting the mood for the drama. Incidental music includes interludes, background music, dances, and so on. Franz Schubert was the earliest master of the romantic art song. He was strictly a musical composer and did not hold any other official musical position. He wrote over songs and also composed symphonies, masses, piano sonatas, and quartets. His works Erlkonig The Erkling is one of the finest examples of musical romanticism.

Die Forelle, a song about a trout was one of his well-known works with a folk song like melody. Frederic Chopin was a gifted composer who almost always wrote for the piano. He wrote few works as compared to other composers, but his works were extremely well known. Chopin created elegant and graceful music. Most of his works were short but full of varying moods. He created his first composition, a polonaise, when he was seven. Some of his notable works include the Etude No.

He only gave thirty odd public performances, and preferred to perform in the salons instead. Felix Mendelssohn was an exceptional musical talent at a young age. He was a composer, pianist, organist, and a coductor.

His music was elegant and well balanced without reaching extremes. In he founded the Leipzig Conservatory of Music, a public university. Hector Berlioz was one of the early French composers. He was unhappy studying medicine and discontinued it to follow his passion in music.

He was also a critic and a conductor. He created new orchestral sounds and tone colors that were never heard before. He wrote one of his well-known works Symphonie Fantastique to express his love for Harriet Smith, a Shakespearean actress.

His other well known works include Grande messe des morts and his book on orchestration Traite de l'Instrumentation - Treatise on Orchestration. He contributed greatly to the orchestra and sometimes gathered hundreds of musicians to play in an orchestra, as opposed to the traditional six. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky was the most famous Russian composer. Russian folk music, along with French Italian, and German music influenced him. His works included symphonies, concertos, operas, ballets, and chamber music.

Some of his best works were for the ballet, particularly The Nutcracker. Professional drummer and vocalist, Mike Bangrazi, has over 12 years of teaching experience and an extensive background in various musical styles. He has performed in numerous bands, projects, and recording sessions all over New England for more than 30 years.

Composing theme and variations is extremely rewarding as a composer as it will push you on to new levels. It will force you to get the most out of your ideas.

It is based on theme and variations form. Try recording it or writing out the score of it whichever works best for you — this is your theme. Once you have done that try choosing one of the techniques listed above and use it to improvise a variation based on your theme. Varying the melody is a good place to start. Try improvising a different melody. Also, thank you to Matt Andreini for arranging our visit.

We are looking forward to another trip to Iowa. The University of Missouri has been a regular stop on Maraca2 tours over the past several years, and we're excited to return to this wonderful college town! A two day residency at UCM. We look forward to visiting UCM for our 3rd residency there! Thanks Scott for making this a reality.

A two day residency at UL. Thanks to Troy Breaux for arranging our visit! Looking forward to it already! Delighted to be returning to the lively city of San Antonio! Thanks to Sherry Rubins and Graeme Francis for your support and the loan of your studio! Our first residency of the second tour will be in Stephenville, Texas, where we will work with the percussion students at Tarleton State University.

A two day residency at ACU. We look forward to visiting ACU for our 3rd residency there! Thanks Allen for making this trip a reality! Another two day residency at UTSA.

We can't wait to come back to UTSA again for a couple of days clinics and concerts. Rubins utsa. We look forward to our first visit to Michigan State University with a two day residency. Thanks to Gwen Burgett for your support! A two day residency at EIC. Thank you to Dwight Vaught for organizing the events. Another two day residency! Please contact David Eyler for more information. Being active both as a solo artist and as a chamber musician, he has performed in various European countries and also toured China with the group Percurama.

He also had the honor of performing for the Danish queen during her state visit to Indonesia. His repertoire spans from demanding adaptions of baroque and romantic music to contemporary works, including a few commissions of his own.

Their repertoire includes cornerstone works in the modern percussion repertoire, their own adaptions of folk music from Denmark and Poland, and inventive transcriptions of classical music. Konstantyn is a great promoter of contemporary percussion. Till now he has premiered more than 10 new pieces. For the summer of Konstantyn has been invited to participate in the masterclasses at the well-known Chosen Vale in America, for which he was granted the prestigious Colin Currie scholarship and masterclasses at New York's ' The Juilliard School ' and Boston Conservatory.

Konstantyn is officially an Adams and Mike Balter Mallets artist. To augment his musical horizons, he also studied diverse styles of hand drumming among African, Latin, and Brazilian. He has had the pleasure of performing in a wide range of venues and events including the opening of the Philharmonic hall of Luxembourg, Sounds of Music Festival, as well as Holland Dance Festival, both in the Netherlands, March Music Days and Percussion Extravaganza — Rituals, both in Bulgaria.

Explore the year a word first appeared. Dictionary Entries near showcase show business show card show card color showcase show dahlia show dog showdown. Time Traveler for showcase The first known use of showcase was in See more words from the same year.

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Synonyms for showcase at ziggysbeachbar.com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Find descriptive alternatives for showcase. View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Vinyl release of Musical Showcase on Discogs. Professional drummer and vocalist, Mike Bangrazi, has over 12 years of teaching experience and an extensive background in various musical styles. He has performed in numerous bands, projects, and recording sessions all over New England for more than 30 years.