Continue Reading. The John F. But I am not insane. Robertson, dated June Takenoko Lee Harvey Oswald, Show more. Remember: "I have been used for a purpose," the way Ruby expressed it to Chief Justice Warren in their June 7, session. An unconscious Oswald was taken by ambulance to Parkland Memorial Hospital —the same hospital where President Kennedy was pronounced dead two days earlier.
As Oswald came into the room, Jack Ruby emerged from the crowd and fatally wounded him with a single shot from a concealed. Some called him a hero, but he was nonetheless charged with first-degree murder.
Jack Ruby, originally known as Jacob Rubenstein, operated strip joints and dance halls in Dallas and had minor connections to organized crime. He also had a relationship with a number of Dallas policemen, which amounted to various favors in exchange for leniency in their monitoring of his establishments. He features prominently in Kennedy-assassination theories, and many believe he killed Oswald to keep him from revealing a larger conspiracy.
In October , the Texas Court of Appeals reversed the decision on the grounds of improper admission of testimony and the fact that Ruby could not have received a fair trial in Dallas at the time. In January , while awaiting a new trial, to be held in Wichita Falls, Ruby died of lung cancer in a Dallas hospital. Oswald had kept a diary, and he was also writing a book in longhand that he had paid someone to type for him—both were confiscated by authorities after his arrest.
Marina Oswald informed the Warren Commission that Oswald had studied Marxism just to obtain attention. She also stated that Oswald had never indicated that he harbored any negative feelings towards President Kennedy. Marina claimed that her husband had no moral sense whatsoever and that his ego caused him to be angry at other people.
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Show more. Support Provided By Learn more. Get Our Newsletter Subscribe. Sign Up. Arrangements were underway for a new trial to be held in February in Wichita Falls, Texas , when on December 9, , Ruby was admitted to Parkland Hospital in Dallas, suffering from pneumonia. A day later, doctors realized he had cancer in his liver , lungs , and brain. Three weeks later, he died.
Ruby died of a pulmonary embolism , secondary to bronchogenic carcinoma lung cancer , on January 3, , at Parkland Hospital , the same facility where Oswald had died and where President Kennedy had been pronounced dead after his assassination. He was buried beside his parents in the Westlawn Cemetery in Norridge, Illinois. The Warren Commission found no evidence linking Ruby's killing of Oswald with any broader conspiracy to assassinate Kennedy.
Warren Commission investigator David Belin said that postal inspector Harry Holmes arrived unannounced at the Dallas police station and, upon invitation by the investigators, questioned Oswald, thus delaying his transfer by half an hour. In Gerald Posner 's book Case Closed: Lee Harvey Oswald and the Assassination of JFK , Ruby's friends, relatives and associates claimed that he was upset over President Kennedy's death, even crying on occasions and closing his clubs for three days as a mark of respect.
Dallas reporter Tony Zoppi, who knew Ruby well, claimed that one "would have to be crazy" to entrust Ruby with anything as important as a high-level plot to kill Kennedy since he "couldn't keep a secret for five minutes Jack was one of the most talkative guys you would ever meet.
He'd be the worst fellow in the world to be part of a conspiracy, because he just plain talked too much. Some writers, including former Los Angeles District Attorney Vincent Bugliosi , dismiss Ruby's connections to organized crime as being highly minimal: "It is very noteworthy that without exception, not one of these conspiracy theorists knew or had ever met Jack Ruby.
Without our even resorting to his family and roommate, all of whom think the suggestion of Ruby being connected to the mob is ridiculous, those who knew him, unanimously and without exception, think the notion of his being connected to the Mafia, and then killing Oswald for them, is nothing short of laughable.
Bill Alexander, who prosecuted Ruby for Oswald's murder, equally rejected any suggestions that Ruby was part-and-parcel of organized crime, claiming that conspiracy theorists based it on the claim that "A knew B, and Ruby knew B back in , so he must have known A, and that must be the link to the conspiracy.
Ruby's brother Earl denied allegations that Jack was involved in racketeering Chicago nightclubs, and author Gerald Posner suggested that witnesses may have confused Ruby with Harry Rubenstein, a convicted Chicago felon. He knew Ruby and described him as a "born loser". Author Norman Mailer and others have questioned why Ruby would have left his two beloved dogs in his car if he had planned on killing Oswald at police headquarters. Some critics have not accepted the conclusions of the Warren Commission and have proposed several other theories.
Ruby was arrested immediately after shooting Oswald, and he told several witnesses that he had been distraught over President Kennedy's death and had helped the city of Dallas "redeem" itself in the eyes of the public, and that his motive for killing Oswald was "saving Mrs. Kennedy the discomfiture of coming back to trial". He said he cried when he heard the President was shot, "cried a great deal" Saturday afternoon and was depressed Saturday night. He explained that this grief was caused by his great love for the President and his sympathy for the Kennedy family.
The anguish over the assassination, Ruby stated, finally "reached the point of insanity", suddenly compelling him to shoot when Oswald walked to the police ramp that Sunday morning. His voice breaking, Ruby said that he could not understand "how a great man like that could be lost". According to an unnamed Associated Press source, Ruby made a final statement from his hospital bed on December 19, , that he alone had been responsible for the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald.
There was no one else," Ruby said. White House correspondent Seth Kantor, who was a passenger in President Kennedy's motorcade, testified that after President Kennedy was shot, he had visited Parkland Hospital while doctors were trying to save the President's life.
He turned around to see Jack Ruby, who called him by his first name and shook his hand;  : 78—82  : 41 he said that he had become acquainted with Ruby while he was a reporter for the Dallas Times Herald newspaper. The Warren Commission dismissed Kantor's testimony, saying that the encounter at Parkland Hospital would have had to take place in a span of a few minutes before and after pm, as evidenced by telephone company records of calls made by both people then.
The Commission also pointed to contradictory witness testimony and to the lack of video confirmation of Ruby at the scene. In , the House Select Committee on Assassinations reexamined Kantor's testimony and stated, "While the Warren Commission concluded that Kantor was mistaken [about his Parkland encounter with Ruby], the Committee determined he probably was not. Kantor also reported that Ruby might have tampered with evidence while at Parkland.
In a later published book Who Was Jack Ruby? The mob was Ruby's "friend. Remember: "I have been used for a purpose," the way Ruby expressed it to Chief Justice Warren in their June 7, session. It would not have been hard for the mob to maneuver Ruby through the ranks of a few negotiable police [to kill Oswald]. Ruby's shooting of Oswald was not a spontaneous act, in that it involved at least some premeditation. Similarly, the committee believed it was less likely that Ruby entered the police basement without assistance, even though the assistance may have been provided with no knowledge of Ruby's intentions The committee was troubled by the apparently unlocked doors along the stairway route and the removal of security guards from the area of the garage nearest the stairway shortly before the shooting There is also evidence that the Dallas Police Department withheld relevant information from the Warren Commission concerning Ruby's entry to the scene of the Oswald transfer.
According to Lieutenant Billy Grammer, a dispatcher for the Dallas Police Department, he received an anonymous phone call at 3 a. The caller told Grammer that he knew of the plan to move Oswald from the basement and that unless the plans for Oswald's transfer were changed, the caller warned "we are going to kill him".
After Oswald was shot, Grammer, who knew Ruby, and found the voice familiar at the time of the call, identified Ruby as the caller. Grammer remained convinced that Ruby's shooting of Oswald was "a planned event".
Detective Archer testified to the Warren Commission that when he searched Jack Ruby after his arrest, he was worried about Oswald's condition and he said to Ruby, "Jack, I think you killed him. Ruby's explanation for killing Oswald would be "exposed In a private note to one of his attorneys, Joseph Tonahill, Ruby wrote: "Joe, you should know this.
Kennedy wouldn't have to come to Dallas to testify. Robert Blakey , chief counsel for the House Select Committee on Assassinations from to , said: "The most plausible explanation for the murder of Oswald by Jack Ruby was that Ruby had stalked him on behalf of organized crime, trying to reach him on at least three occasions in the forty-eight hours before he silenced him forever.
In January a special U. House of Representatives Assassinations Committee, after a two-year investigation, reported that a second assassin may also have fired a shot and that there may have been a conspiracy. The evidence has remained highly debatable.
In October Oswald dropped out of high school and joined the U. A competent sharpshooter but an indifferent marine, he began expressing pro-Soviet and politically radical views and, on a hardship plea, secured release from the corps on September 11, Nine days later he left for the Soviet Union , where he tried unsuccessfully to become a citizen. In Minsk , where he was assigned to work, he met and married April 30, Marina Nikolayevna Prusakova.
Thirteen months later, in June , he was able to return to the United States with his wife and three-month-old daughter, June Lee. In January Oswald bought a.